• 8-Way Hand Tied Springs
    Each spring is hand tied eight ways (front to back, side to side & diagonally). A sign of quality construction, these coils offer the highest level of comfort and durability.

  • No-Sag Springs
    "S" shaped wires that are fastened to the front rail and run from the front to the back of the furniture every few inches apart.

  • Webbing
    Woven fibers cut in strips and stretched across the furniture frame.

  • Corner Blocked Frame
    Frame is blocked and screwed, providing lasting strength.

  • Wood Encased Frame
    Insures a quality appearance and prevents fabric from stretching.


  • Foam
    Foam cushions. The higher the density of the foam the better support.

  • Down
    Made from feathers, down offers maximum comfort. Down may require more maintenance than foam but offers greater durability and resilience.

  • Pocket Coils
    Individually wrapped coils maintain their shape and are more resilient and plush than foam cushions.


  • Top Grain
    Top grain leather is made from the strongest fibers of a leather hide and is the most durable; the hide surface is sanded and refinished.

  • Full Aniline
    A top-grain leather that is dyed with the color permeating all the fibers. No additional coloring is needed.

  • Semi Aniline
    A top-grain leather that is dyed on the surface only and coated with matching pigment for added protection.

  • Split
    The bottom layers of the hide that have been split off from the top grain leather, then pigmented or sueded.

  • Bicast Leather
    Polyurethane applied to the surface of split leather and embossed. While slightly stiffer than top grain, it has a consistent texture, is easy to maintain and durable.

  • Bicast Poly
    A 100% man-made material that offers the most realistic leather look and feel. Bicast poly provides excellent durability.

  • Blended Leather
    A man-made material composed of 17% leather and other fibers that are bonded together. Extremely durable and an environmentally friendly choice.

  • Bonded Leather
    Much like blended leather, bonded leather is man-made. However, rather than intertwining or melting the real leather and synthetic material together, real leather scraps are fixed in a polyurethane mixture.

  • Polyurethane Vinyl Leather Look
    A man-made material constructed of 17.7% polyurethane, and 85.3% polyester. A durable alternative to leather without sacrificing the same great comfort.